What is human papillomavirus

Human papillomavirus (or HPV) is probably the most common sexually transmitted viral infection that usually affects your genitals, throat, or mouth. According to Dr. Govind Krishna Gupta, considered to be the best sexologist in Kolkata, HPV, along with herpes simplex virus, is now on the rise in West Bengal, India. The sexologist warns that sexually active individuals can get HPV at any time, even if they have one sexual partner.

Causes

The virus responsible for HPV gets transmitted through skin contact. You can get affected by this viral infection by having vaginal, anal, or oral sex with a partner who has the virus. HPV often gets transmitted when the infected person does not have a clue. It means you can contract the infection even when your partner does not show any signs or symptoms. Some cases of genital HPV infection do not cause any serious health issues, while others can lead to the development of warts and even cancers of the throat, anus, and cervix, says the top sexologist in Kolkata.

Symptoms

The initial HPV infection usually does not result in any discernible symptoms. Warts can appear a few weeks, months, or years later. Any of the following types of warts may occur:

  • Genital warts: These can appear as small, stem-like bumps or lesions and may cause itching.
  • Common warts: They are rough bumps that can occur on the hands, elbows, or fingers.
  • Flat warts: These are flat, smooth lesions, which may occur anywhere on your body.
  • Plantar warts: They are the hard, grainy bumps, usually occurring on the heels or balls of the feet.

Cancers caused by human papillomavirus typically do not show any symptoms until the cancer spread is detected in the later stages.

Prevention

The occurrence of human papillomavirus infection can be prevented by taking vaccination, explains the best sexologist doctor in Kolkata. The quadrivalent vaccine is available in India, which can effectively protect against four different strains of HPV, including HPV-6 and -11 that are mostly responsible for genital warts, as well as HPV-16 and -18 that causes about 70 percent of all the cervical cancers.