A hormone that the pituitary gland secretes is prolactin. It helps in the production of breast milk after childbirth. The location of the gland is in the brain. According to sexologist in Kolkata, Dopamine, a brain compound, controls the secretion of prolactin. In women, the normal blood level of prolactin is 25 ng/ml and it is 17 ng/ml in men. During pregnancy and breastfeeding, it is normal for prolactin to increase. Enhancing the development of breasts during pregnancy and inducing lactation after childbirth are some major functions of prolactin. By binding to specific receptors in the gonads, lymphoid cells and liver, it affects fertility, immunity and liver functions.
A common endocrine problem is a high prolactin level or hyperprolactinemia. It has detrimental effects on both men and women. The highest risk of developing this condition is in women between 25 to 35 years of age. There can be problems in the functions of ovaries in women and testicles in men. It can cause infertility, heat flashes, low energy, mood changes, problems in liver function and sexual dysfunction. Sometimes, there is a milky discharge from breasts (galactorrhea) in women or enlarged breasts (gynecomastia) in men. It inhibits pulsatile LH release by the anterior pituitary. By lowering of LH, the testosterone level decreases. Men suffer from loss of sexual desire and infertility. Consulting a good sexologist in Kolkata can help to solve this problem.
Causes Of High Prolactine
Prolactinoma, which is a growth or tumour on the pituitary gland, is a major cause of hyperprolactinemia. The nature of these tumours is normally benign. The prolactin levels can also rise due to reactions of different medicines. Some other causes are:
- Hypothyroidism or underactive thyroid
- Injuries in the chest wall
- Pregnancy and lactation
- Other diseases and tumours affecting the pituitary gland
- Chronic kidney and liver diseases
- Radiation treatment for tumours near or on the pituitary gland
There may be infertility and decreased sex drive in both men and women. There are some particular symptoms in women. These include:
- Dryness of the vagina
- Menstruation problems
- Production of breast milk even if a woman is not pregnant or nursing
The following are a few symptoms specifically in men:
- Erectile dysfunction
- Enlargement of breasts
- Decreased body hair and muscle mass
The best sexologist near me often suggests a blood test for detecting the level of prolactin. More tests normally take place to check blood levels of thyroid hormone if there are high levels of prolactin.
Treatment For High Prolactine
The cause of hyperprolactinemia plays an important role while choosing the treatment option. A famous sexologist in Kolkata prescribes some effective medicines known as dopamine agonists for its treatment. These medicines help to reduce prolactin levels and normalize the functioning of ovaries in women and the testicles in men. Before conceiving, women with large prolactinomas need proper treatment for shrinking the tumours. Surgery and/or radiation therapy may also be necessary to deal with the tumours.