An estimated 33 million people are Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infected around the world as per the World Health Organization. HIV disturbs the immune system of the body. In other words, it mitigates the body’s ability to fight against contamination and illness. Untreated HIV kills CD4 cells, the immune cells in our bodies. With the protection against diseases removed from the body, the body becomes more prone to various types of infections and cancers.
Transmission of HIV:
HIV cannot be transmitted through casual contact or communicated in air or water. It is passed on through bodily fluids:
- Vaginal fluids
- Breast milk
- Rectal fluids
There is no medication available for the complete elimination of HIV. A combination of medicines is used to suppress the growth of the virus, allowing the patient to lead a normal life; hence reducing HIV induced deaths all over the world. Top sexologist in Kolkata claims the treatment aims to stop the growth of the virus by suppressing the replication. Sufficient suppression of the virus reduces the risk of onward transmission to sexual partners and the unborn children of HIV- infected mothers.
Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART)
These are medications used to treat HIV. They are successful in controlling and limiting the Virus; it reconstitutes the immune system of the patient, can increase the CD4 count and reduce the amount of HIV, treatment begins when CD4 cell count falls below 350/ microlitre of blood.
There are about 20 drugs to fight this Virus. Some of the anti-HIV drugs are being used for other viral infections, for instance, Hepatitis–B infection. Zidovudine, Lamivudine, Efavirenz, Nevirapine, and Lopinevir are commonly used drugs.
Best sex doctors have pointed out that there is no need to worry, no one dies of AIDS nowadays.
Penile Fungus Infections
Fungus infections on the Glans penis are a common occurrence. It is called Candidiasis, and fungus is called Candida Albicans. The most common causes are – white discharge in women, diabetes, use of broad-spectrum antibiotics, or immunosuppressive drugs. In such case medicines like Clotrimazole, Ecoconozole, and Micoconozole are used. Proper maintenance of local hygiene is also important.
Almost all diabetic men and women get this infection. Candida is also a very common infection that causes white discharges in women. White discharges in women can be due to various reasons, but if it is due to candida fungus, then drugs like Clotrimazole, Ketoconazole, and Isoconazole are effective.
In women, oral and vaginal treatment both are required due to repeated infections as the fungus can move from intestines to the vaginal mucosa.
Oral fluconazole is rarely resistant to the causative fungus Candida Albicans, so it is most effective. Oral treatment consists of Fluconazole, Ketoconazole, and Micoconozole. Oral treatment if started should be continued for a minimum period of three weeks.
Earlier Candida Fungus infections were treated by compound Benzoic acid (Whit field’s ointment) but treatment with the current drugs is more effective. These days good sexologist in Kolkata prefers administrating Itra Conozole or Terbinafine.