You have just had sex with your partner when you suddenly notice blood spots on the sheets. You are totally perplexed, as you are not currently having your periods and not supposed to get it soon, so why is there vaginal bleeding? While bleeding after sex can be terrifying, it is also quite common. It affects approximately 9 percent of the menstruating women. There is probably no cause for concern. Sometimes it occurs due to an infection, and in rare instances, it is a sign of cancer in the cervix, says Dr. Govind Krishna Gupta, an experienced sexologist in Kolkata.

What causes bleeding after sex in women

There are several reasons why women may bleed after sex, which is medically termed as “postcoital bleeding”. If you are worried because you have experienced vaginal bleeding after sex, consult the sexologist doctors in Kolkata at Dr. Gupta’s clinic. They usually assess your medical history, as well as the symptoms. They will accordingly devise the treatment plan that is needed.

The Causes

Bleeding after sex could indicate an underlying health condition, including:

  • An infection, such as sexually transmitted infection (STI) or pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  • Vaginal dryness or atrophic vaginitis that occurs due to reduced post-menopausal vaginal secretions
  • Damage to the vagina, including tears caused by friction during sex, dryness, or childbirth
  • Endometrial or cervical polyps (non-cancerous growths)
  • Inflammation of the surface of the cervix

According to the top sexologist in Kolkata, dryness is caused by the following things, which in turn may lead to vaginal bleeding:

  • Childbirth
  • Breastfeeding
  • Cancer therapy
  • Some cold, allergy, or anti-oestrogen medications
  • Douching
  • Sjögren’s syndrome
  • Menopause

Diagnostic Tests

Depending on the symptoms and medical history, the best sexologist in Kolkata may recommend examinations or tests, such as:

  • A pelvic examination
  • A pregnancy test (depending on the patient’s age)
  • Inspecting the cervix with a speculum

If the problem occurs due to vaginal dryness, he/she may recommend that you use lubricating gels.

Is It Something Serious

If you experience occasional minor bleeding, chances are everything is okay. However, the only way to be certain about it is to go to a sexologist near you for a physical checkup.

If the bleeding occurs before you get your period or within several days after your menstrual period ends and does not happen again, then there is nothing to worry about. You can also hold off your doctor’s appointment, if you recently had a Pap smear or pelvic checkup done and was given a clean chit. In all other cases, it is recommended to get yourself checked out to rule out any possible complications.

Treatment for Bleeding After Sex

Since there is no single cause of vaginal bleeding after sex, there is no particular way of treating it, says the renowned sexologist in Kolkata. Some options include:

  • Vaginal moisturizers and lubricants
  • Sexually transmitted infection medications
  • Oestrogen therapy